Majority Of Banking Institutes Proceed To Implement 30 Year Amortizations


The majority of Banking institutions Proceed to 30-year Traditional Amortizations

BMO, Laurentian Financial institution , Scotiabank as well as TD possess just about all verified which , efficient 3-18-11 , they’ll limit each high-ratio as well as low-ratio home loans in order to 30-year optimum amortizations (even although the government’s brand new guidelines just need which high-ratio amortizations end up being limited by thirty years).

CIBC as well as ENT Immediate haven’t released the consensus however .

For RBC, this as well states , “We haven’t created your final choice upon regardless of whether all of us will offer you 35-year amortizations upon traditional home loans . ”

Unofficial resources inside RBC possess informed all of us these people believe it might permit 35-year amortizations upon traditional home loans , however that’s unconfirmed. In the event that RBC do , this wouldn’t shock all of us . This currently has got the the majority of generous certification price from the Large 6 upon traditional home loans .

The BMO spokesperson informed all of us , “We assistance your decision (to reduce amortizations) in order to decrease personal debt . ” Other banking institutions tend to be toeing exactly the same collection .

Once the federal government final reduce high-ratio amortizations through forty in order to thirty-five many years within Oct 08 , banking institutions used the low restrict in order to traditional amortizations after that too . Therefore , their own conservativeness this time around isn’t any shock .

Not many perfect loan companies held 40-year amortization following Oct 08 . Merix Monetary had been one of these . Luckily , Merix states it will likewise maintain 40-year traditional amortizations following the 03 eighteen modifications . That’s wonderful information with regard to accountable customers who desire much more repayment versatility . It’s additionally good to determine the loan provider which has complete self-confidence within it’s underwriting.

As soon as recognized term is actually displayed through CIBC, ENT as well as RBC, we’ll publish this right here.
Please visit our site amortization calculation To use our Free Mortgage Tools

Commercial Mortgage Modification


In todays crumbling, commercial real estate market, both borrowers and lenders find themselves in quite a precarious predicament. Borrowers struggle to make their commercial mortgage payments, while lenders are crippled by the increasing number of defaults on commercial property. Right now the best solution to this problem is commercial mortgage modification.

Commercial mortgage modification is the process of renegotiating the terms of a commercial loan. This is done typically by reducing the interest rate or monthly payment on the loan. Other benefits to the borrower may include an extension of the loan term, a forbearance or moratorium on payments, and of course an alternative to foreclosure.

A commercial mortgage modification is about risk to the lender. A lender will only consider a modification if a borrower is in default or at risk of defaulting. The most important thing the lender will look at in determining whether or not to modify a commercial note is cash flow. One very important calculation used in determining cash flow is called the DCR or Debt Coverage Ratio. This ratio is used by the underwriters to determine if a modification can be approved. If a property is breaking even, meaning the income generated is equal to the operating expenses, the DCR would be equal to 1. If commercial property has a positive cash flow, meaning the income the property generates is more than sufficient to cover the mortgage payment and all of the operating expenses, the DCR is greater than 1. If the property is losing money, the DCR would be less than 1. A lender will most likely not modify the commercial note, if the property already has a DCR greater than 1. Commercial lenders writing new commercial loans will most likely require a DCR of 1.25 or greater.

The most common form of payment reduction seen in a commercial mortgage modification is when the lender converts a principal and interest payment to an interest only payment. A lender may consider this form of commercial loan modification to help the borrower improve their cash flow. By only paying the interest on the loan, as opposed to principal and interest, the payment becomes more affordable for the borrower.

However, in extreme circumstances, reducing the mortgage payment to interest only is just not enough for a commercial property owner. If a lender sees that the borrower will still have negative cash flow even after reducing the payment to interest only, they may consider a reduction in the interest rate. Although the interest rate reduction may be temporary, it will help the borrower free up capital and maintain the mortgage payment on time. Although uncommon, lenders have lowered interest rates to as low as 1% even, to avoid an even more costly foreclosure.

Joint Stock Commercial Bank For Foreign Trade Of Vietnam (vcb) – Strategic Swot Analysis Review


May, 5, 2014 : Company Profiles and Conferences presents a Company Report on “Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam (VCB) – Strategic SWOT Analysis Review”, which provides retail banking services, such as savings, and demand and term deposits, e-banking products, such as SMS banking, online savings and Internet banking. Vietcombank has ATM machine locations in Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Lieu, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Pacify, Binh Duong, Ca Mau, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Binh Thuan and An Giang among others.


Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam (Vietcombank) is a commercial banking services provider. The bank offers worldwide trade and traditional services such as capital mobilization, capital trading, credit, and project financing among others. It provides retail banking services, such as savings, and demand and term deposits, e-banking products, such as SMS banking, online savings and Internet banking. Vietcombank has ATM machine locations in Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Lieu, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Pacify, Binh Duong, Ca Mau, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Binh Thuan and An Giang among others. The company operates an estimated 400 branches and transaction offices, along with 1,700 automated teller machines and 22,000 points of sale in Vietnam. Vietcombank is headquartered in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam Key Recent Developments

Jul 11, 2013: EVN Signs $690.47m Credit Contracts With Four Banks For 1,200 MW Lai Chau Hydro Power Plant In Vietnam

This comprehensive SWOT profile of Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam provides you with an in-depth strategic analysis of the company’s businesses and operations. The profile will give you a clear and an unbiased view of the company’s key strengths and weaknesses and the potential opportunities and threats. The profile helps you formulate strategies that augment your business by enabling you to understand your partners, customers and competitors better.

This company report forms part of the ‘Profile on Demand’ Service, covering over 50,000 of the world’s leading companies. Once purchased, We will comprehensively research and author a full strategic analysis of Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam and deliver this direct to you in pdf format within two business days (excluding weekends).

The profile contains critical company information including,

– Business description A detailed description of the company’s operations and business divisions.
– Corporate strategy Analyst’s summarization of the company’s business strategy.
– SWOT Analysis A detailed analysis of the company’s strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats.

Small Business Telephone Systems For Effective Communication


Implementing an efficient telephone system can definitely improve the way you communicate with your customers and business associates. Small business telephone systems are a great option for budding business enterprises to maintain effective communication.

Convey a Professional Business Image

Repeated breakdown in your communication system and improper call management can adversely affect your business image. Small business telephone systems offer organized call management and professional business communication. The enhanced communication experience that they offer would certainly attract more customers and enhance your sale leads and revenue. These phone systems come with high-tech call handling features including find-me/follow-me call forwarding, call conferencing, music on hold, voicemail, fax to email, voice to email and more.

The auto attendant receives calls in a professional manner and is programmed to transfer them to extensions, mailboxes, call queues, groups and conference rooms, as directed by the caller. The virtual receptionist manages several calls arriving at the same time with incredible efficiency.

Manage your Business from Distant Locations

Business establishments with more than one office and/or a mobile workforce benefit a lot from this small office telephone system. The advanced call forwarding feature routes calls to landline numbers or cell phones configured as extensions. Your business can be easily administered from other locations and you can stay connected to your clients and workforce all the time. Using a broadband connection like DSL, Cable or FIOS, your mobile workers can become an extension of your business PBX phone system.

Powerful Voicemail System

Modern small business telephone systems minimize the odds of missing calls and messages. Unanswered calls are instantly routed to the voicemail system, so that the callers can leave voice messages. This facility helps focus on core tasks without worrying about not taking customer calls during busy business hours. Voice messages are forwarded to your email account as audio file attachments. Whenever a new message arrives in your mailbox, it is promptly alerted on your cell phone.

With these diverse capabilities, small business telephone systems facilitate effective communication with your business clients. To enjoy all the benefits of these phone systems, it is important to get the service from dependable providers. This would assure the smooth functioning of the system, structured services and advanced PBX features at reasonable monthly charges.

Philippine Banking Industry Outlook Positive Despite Recession


The Philippine banking industry seems to be unaffected by the global financial crisis. And despite the liquidity crunch in various developed and emerging economies, the Philippine banking industry has been able to sustain the growth level.

According to a research analyst at RNCOS, -The banks in Philippines have benefitted from a series of reforms undertaken in past and intervention by the regulator to increase the capital base and to have better risk management strategies in place. The multipoint policy adopted by the industry during the last quarter of 2008 has resulted in minimum risk exposure to the banks in Philippines. Restricting dollar sales only for outward investment, enabling active lending between banks and low level of investments in foreign assets has resulted in positive outlook of the industry in current economic turbulence. Banks in Philippines have limited their investment in local blue chip companies because of the high yield from the Philippine Stock Exchange.-

Banks in Philippines are opting for high degree of penetration, mergers and acquisitions, and high credit growth rate at a time when banks in other developed and emerging economies are writing off assets base and slowing down credit disbursal rate. However, according to -Philippines Banking Sector Analysis-, a research report from RNCOS, the sector will manage to book a CAGR growth of 10% in its asset base through 2010.

-Philippines Banking Sector Analysis- contains comprehensive research and rational analysis on various segments, like assets size, income level and number of cardholders, in the Philippines banking industry. It also analyzes the current performance and growth opportunities in the sector, and helps clients to understand various products available in the market and their future scope. It also discusses the role of technology in the Filipino banking industry.

The report gives future outlook of different aspects of the banking industry such as financial cards, mobile banking, bancassurance, industry assets, mutual fund assets under management, number of credit cards, IT spending by banking industry, microfinance and life insurance product sales etc. The future projections are made after analyzing the current market scenario, past trends and regulations laid by the central bank.

For FREE SAMPLE of this report visit:


About RNCOS:

RNCOS, incorporated in the year 2002, is an industry research firm. We are a team of industry experts who analyze data collected from credible sources. We provide industry insights and analysis that helps corporations to take timely and accurate business decision in today’s globally competitive environment.

Interview Question bank PO


Tell me about yourself? This is an open question generally asked in every interview. This question provides a good opportunity for candidates to tell their strengths that have been mentioned in their resume. This also provides a platform at the beginning of the interview to explore their personality in front of interviewer and leave a good first impression. While answering this question, Be yourself. Another question that might be asked is what are your biggest accomplishments till date? The answer must be related to job, it provides an opportunity to show your competency level. Another generally asked question might be where do you see yourself in five-ten years time-span? How do you handle criticism during different situations? While answering these questions try to reflect the positive attitude and convey a message that all criticism has an advantage if taken in positive sense, all the criticism provides an opportunity for self-improvement. Also illustrate them by giving an example that how a week idea that has been criticised have some good points also. Another question might be how will you cope with a change in environment surround you? Tell how you can adapt and learn quickly in different situation. Turning negatives circumstances into positives (change your weaknesses into strengths) and increase the productivity of the individuals and organisation as a whole. An important question may be what can you do for us that someone else can’t do? Answer this question must be in accordance to job skills needed. If the candidate has understood the details of the job in a proper sense, then he tries to answer this with a combination of your skills/experience with others. Another question that generally asked during interview is to describe a difficult problem you’ve to deal with. Clearly explain the interviewers that you have approached a problem, the process, the result and how you overcome the difficulties come in front of you. This will reflect your positive attitude towards challenges, and you were not discouraged by the situation comes in front of you. What is your greatest weakness is a commonly asked question? This question gives you an opportunity to show that you have identified your weaknesses and now working on reducing your weaknesses. How do you handle tension/stress is a difficult question generally being asked? Explain how you avoid stressful situations, and if not how you deal with them, give some examples also. How do you decide your direction? Show by giving some examples of how an individual can finish up the task without unnecessary complications. You can give examples from your personal life. Do you prefer working with others or alone? Explain how you can work well in both situations and can be benefited in both the situations ”

For More Information You Can check the Upcoming Bank Exams Portal having Latest 2011 Bank Exams Updates and Notification with Information about Recruitment in Banks .

Hedge Funds – How To Make The Right Investment Choices


After the 2008 world economic crisis, finding the right investment vehicles seems much harder and trickier. Worldwide currency, which everyone believed in, has shown its face value and, overall people have lost their confidence in the popular investment means available on the global market. However, one of the post crisis positive effects is that individuals became more aware and cautious about the significance of managing their resources appropriately and securing their assets.

Although the present day market openings sets forth an apparently endless variety of choices, making the right investment is all about selecting that alternative apposite for your means, objectives and goals on short, medium and long term. Resorting to professionals is one of the best ways to drive your worth to the right target as long as you manage to find some trustworthy, skilled, and dependable experts.

In nowadays context, the hedge fund is fairly set at the higher end of the investment opportunities scale. Working as a private pool of capital, little known to the wide public, such funds rather address the sophisticated investor that can afford hefty net investments in the prospect of likewise gains. Unlike most types of funds, a hedge fund gathers capital from a fairly limited number of individuals and, naturally the investment amounts are significantly greater, being typically believed to range between one million and six million dollars. Nevertheless, there is no investment maximal threshold regulation in place.

The hedge fund is actively run by a manager, who is in charge with all financial strategies and decisions. Once in, the investors can not set a veto on his decisions. Drawing back the capital ahead of a predetermined time span usually calls upon considerable penalties, which remain in the fund and are finally split between the remaining investors. The hedge fund manager takes up an operational commission and a performance brokerage.

In comparison with other type of investments, the hedge fund primarily differs through a wider range of investment strategies it can adopt and a more regulatory-free area of action, including short selling and hilt leveraging. No such fund is risk free, yet primarily depending on the objects of ventures, the manager can draw in high gains with relatively small risks. For instance, precious metal investments have proved to be such nest eggs. Although, one needs to be no expert to know that investing in gold – the ultimate safe heaven of all seasons- is the right investment choice for all kinds of financial portfolios, the profits of a hedge fund may considerably overrun those achievable from independent investments.

Secret Offshore Bank Account – Is It Possible


Secret offshore bank accounts are the stuff of legend. This article intends to debunk some of the myths about secret offshore banking by setting out what is and isn’t possible.

1) It’s impossible to open an offshore bank account without first somehow identifying yourself. This means sending a notarized copy of your bank account/passport details to the bank or intermediary.
2) Most offshore banks will also require a reference from a bank at home.
3) If you open an offshore account in the name of your offshore company, you still need to provide all the formation documents, and the name and address of a real person. No bank will let a faceless entity open an account without pinning it down to a real person.

So how is it Secret?

Well, the reasoning behind all this, is that if you open an offshore account the bank may let you have a ‘number’ rather than a name. This so called ‘numbered account’ allows you to send wire transfers without third parties knowing who you are. An account in the name of a company will do a similar thing, allowing you to send and receive payments almost anonymously, because the company name rather yours will show up on all transactions.

The problem is, this doesn’t shield you from government inquiries. If for example a government authority suspects you of having an undeclared offshore account, that you are hiding money from your spouse or otherwise engaged in funny business they can go to the country or bank in question and request your details. While some countries will reject the majority of these requests others are more pliant.

Switzerland and the Cayman Islands are two in particular that co-operate with US and EU authorities. Although both have strong bank secrecy laws on paper, these are not so closely followed in practice. Swiss banks UBS and Credit Suisse have made headlines recently over IRS investigations into US held offshore accounts.

The truth is, if you really want a secret account you may have to look further than ‘traditional’ tax havens. That means jurisdictions without tax-information exchange agreements or other links to high-tax countries.

Another option is using an offshore bank account alternative. This could be (for example) sending your funds to a trust company which then opens a bank account for you in their name. Although this is also not 100% foolproof, it does offer another level of privacy in the same way that an offshore company will shield your identity.

Whichever option you choose to take, it pays to follow some ‘golden rules’ of privacy:

1) Limit the number of people who know about the offshore bank account to as few as is humanly possible.
2) Fund the account with a cheque or western union transfer, rather than by wire from your home bank. 3) Never send funds directly back home from the offshore account.

Good luck!

Great Small Business Event Marketing


For more going on fifteen years, I have been helping business owners and organizations hold events. The events ranged from races, to fairs, to concerts and dinners. Though the attendance varied greatly between them, the goals of management were often met and exceeded.

Events are the best way to:

get prospects to visit your store for the first time

build upon existing relationships with customers and vendors

grow existing lines of revenue

rally and motivate workforce and volunteers

expand branding

grow online presence and position

have a great time!

Events are very community oriented, and driven by the same. Bringing people together creates buzz.

There are three major areas of an event: event marketing (getting the brand out), event management (making sure the day is planned well and executed successfully), and event planning (getting all the details together to meet the event vision). Working together, these three items, thought out and coordinated, make great events.

I am often asked questions related to any of these three items. The questions I hear range from band and entertainment to how to use Facebook. Small businesses can do a lot with a little encouragement and direction. They can go really far with a little help from someone in the event industry. Small businesses and Organizations have a lot of gusto. They are ready to go all the time. And when they can see that something will get them further, they often grab the opportunity.

Small businesses are flexible. They can have a simple, low cost event marketing schedule coordinated with other ongoing marketing. Pairing an event with current expenditures creates broad public awareness. With current promotions are paired with a chance to experience a business or product, customers have incentive to participate.

I have often seen this occur. In one case, a restaurant advertised their foods as well as an evening with live music. Some monies from the night would be donated to the city fireworks fund. This night brought some business and money for community fireworks. The result was the night of the fireworks show, the restaurant was full to the brim. They had one of their best nights ever.

The power of small business event marketing is understated. Giving customers a reason to experience a small business in the form of a party invitation has leverage. As a small business owner, having an event can be fun, rewarding, and valuable to sales overall.

Voip Total Phone Solutions For Small Business


If you are like most businesses, the answer lies somewhere between ambivalence and total disdain.

All small business owners know the importance of low cost overhead. Working smart with your money has never been more important than it is in today’s economy. A very efficient way for small businesses to save huge dollars is by subscribing to a small voip phone system, also referred to as voice over internet protocol services. It is a method for making telephone calls by using the Internet. The technology became available around 1990 but with the recent advancements it has become a strong replacement for the traditional land line service.

One of the reasons that Internet VoIP is so popular is because it is very inexpensive as well as dependable. All of the equipment such as bluetooth voip headset, voip phone adapter, and headaches are hosted by the provider so all the business needs to worry about is the Internet connection and a telephone. In some cases you’ll be able to use the same telephones that you used for your land-line while others a special Voip broadband phone will be the best solution. The call quality is so good that rarely would anyone know that you were not using a land line. The provider keeps all the updates and relative maintenance up to date so having equipment or a service that becomes obsolete is not a concern.

The cost of Internet VoIP is so inexpensive because the calls are able to transmit over the Internet in place of a local telephone company’s system. By bypassing the local telephone company there is no fees that have to be paid to them. The process of dialing out and receiving calls is the same. You will need a high speed Internet connection and small voip phone system that is on at all times with a bandwidth large enough for the transmissions to always be clear.

To get started with Internet VoIP you’ll need to choose a voice over internet protocol providers and subscribe to the voip phone plans that best fits your business needs. With all the Internet VoIP options and providers now in the market place, it can be confusing for businesses to know what they need and the best provider for them.

AVAD Technologies, specialists is small business Hosted VoIP, has launched aggressive new pricing on its Hosted VoIP Phone Service. If you are thinking about switching your business to VoIP or just have some questions, please feel free to call (800) 733-4136

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Why banking degree is beneficial for you


Several private and the public institutes that offer many courses, which on perusing and completion provide degree in banking. One of these prestigious institutes is SMF Institute of Higher Learning. The most advantageous aspect of this institute is that they provide banking degree. Another advantage of this institute is that you can peruse the courses part time or full time, as per your convenience.

All those persons who have appeared for becoming banking degrees degree in this sector, gain specializations in various areas like – business laws prevailing in capital market, global business administration and Cost Accounting & Services, Taxation of monetary Services, Banking Communication, Environmental and organization of Financial services, etc.

Banking is one of the most enthusiastic careers field in present scenario which deals with the fields of commerce and accounts. Multiple opportunities are beginning to occur according to the changing scenario, thus, one is required to give their best to clear the necessary entrance exams in order to obtain degree in banking. Banks provide numerous job opportunities to each and every eligible candidate who have finished their graduation/Post graduation or any other diploma in appropriate fields.

The qualifying exam is very competitive and thus required immense practice in the areas of numerical aptitude, English language, general knowledge and logical reasoning. Interview for eligible people will be done to check the attitude and required knowledge over the particular bank. Choosing bank as a professional choice is a good decision for all those people who desire to explore within market.

The degree gets completed in sixteen to twenty four months, depending upon the full time or part time course you adopt. Many courses will be submitted through written assignments and through examinations. For the ease of working, classes are held on workaday evenings or weekends. The course fees involve institute registration, notes, chosen articles, coursework, main exams, on completion and transcription. Entire fees can be given in four installments.

It is advised to go through CAT entrance exam to obtain entrance in top business schools since they provide the most excellent banking courses too. MBA in Banking will definitely help you to get a banking degree and the necessary qualification vital to develop into a successful candidate in the booming banking sector.

After you complete your course, the degree is awarded by Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia, which increases your chances of getting placed in all reputed private banks like ICICI, etc and also in public sector banks like Bank of Baroda, Reserve Bank of India, etc. The admissions in this institute take place in January or May or September.

The author’s tells about the beneficial information about Bachelor in banking. So you should read this editorial carefully and complete degree in banking within few years. For more on visit

New Regulatory Body Set To Transform Britains Wine Investment Industry


NFIB and WIA to Provide Better Protection for Wine Investors

Millions of Britons enjoy drinking it and many now see it as a long-term investment. Unfortunately, fine wine has also become a focus for fraudsters who trick investors into buying wines or vineyards that bear little resemblance to what they see in the prospectus, or may not even exist. The increasing number of such rorts in Britain has led to calls for action to be taken to protect investors and to increase consumer confidence in fine wines. In the upshot, the UKs National Fraud Intelligence Bureau (NFIB) is joining forces with the newly-formed Wine Investment Association (WIA) to tackle the problem.

On 14 February 2013, the NFIB and the WIA jointly announced the launch of the new self-regulatory body which will aim to transform the growing wine investment industry by providing better protection for investors in the UK. The WIA has been formed by leading figures from the fine wine investment industry and seeks to support the sector’s growth through voluntary regulation, establishing best practices and setting up processes to identify fraudulent activity.

Director of the NFIB, Det. Supt. Dave Clark, said: “Fraudsters will always follow the money, wine investment is just the latest in a long line of investment opportunities that are being exploited and corrupted to the detriment of the industry as a whole. He added that the NFIB sees the creation of an auditable framework of self-regulation as a step towards maintaining and increasing consumer confidence, while also identifying investment companies which do not operate in accordance with the required high standards.

New Code to Tackle Wine Investment Frauds

Following an extensive consultation period, the WIA has set out the standards and procedures with which its members must comply to remain in good standing. Under the new code of conduct to be drawn up, wine investment firms will undergo stringent audits by accountancy firm Mazars. These will include checks on systems such as stock rotation and to make sure that purchase orders and invoices tally. The director of the WIA, Peter Shakeshaft, revealed that companies which successfully complete the independent audit process commissioned by the newly-formed regulatory body will bear a WIA logo offering consumers a trustworthy safety kitemark. Shakeshaft added: Our industry has been held back far too long by unscrupulous practitioners and issues around fraud. The WIA will really hold the industry to account.

Learn More About Life Insurance Fraud


Life insurance fraud refers to illegal acts committed by those buying or selling life insurance policies. In-vestopedia defines five different types of buyer life insurance fraud, from accidental suicides to falsifying medical records. Find out more and learn about two of the more famous cases of life insurance fraud.

Types of life insurance buyer fraud

Post-dated life insurance: a policy that is purchased after the death of the insured person but appears to have been issued before their death.

False medical history:Withholding information about existing medical conditions, whether or not you smoke etc constitutes one of the most common types of fraud. Coming clean with your provider might mean that your premiums are more expensive but this cannot outweigh the risk of reduced or rejected claims. It is not uncommon for unscrupulous doctors to falsify medical records on behalf of buyers.

Murder for proceeds: In this instance the insured person (spouse, business partner etc) is murdered for their life insurance cover or a policy is taken out in somebodys name without their knowledge and they are subsequently murdered for the life cover payout.

Lack of insurable interest: Insurable interest stipulates that in order to buy a life insurance policy in somebodys name you have to be able to prove that that persons death would cause you financial distress.

Suicidal accidents: This occurs when a person commits suicide but tries to make it look like an accident in order to ensure that their family can claim their life insurance cover.

Faking death or disability:It is not unheard of for someone to fake either death or disability to claim insur-ance payouts for themselves or their families. People have also created fake identities which have been killed or died with the family claiming life insurance payouts.

Famous cases of life insurance fraud
John Darwin, a British teacher and prison officer died in a canoeing accident in 2002 but was discovered alive and well and arrested five years later. His wife, who had claimed his life insurance payout, said he had been secretly living in their house and the house next door. Both were sentenced to over six years in prison.

In 2008 Helen Golay and Olga Rutterschmidt were convicted of the murders of two homeless men, Paul Vados in 1999 and Kenneth McDavid in 2005. Both murders were staged as hit and run accidents. Multimillion dollar life insurance policies had been taken out on the men by Golay and Rutterschmidt.

How To Gauge The Volatility Of A Stock Market Investment


Do Your Research
You can find a great deal of information in the stock tables of your local newspaper, or your favorite financial industry publication. Those stock tables contain a wealth of information you can use to gauge the volatility of a stock market investment. Turn to the stock table in your favorite financial publication. Locate the 52-week high and low for each stock you plan to invest in.

Compare the 52-week high for the stock to the 52-week low. The difference between the 52-week high and the low is a good indicator of how volatile the stock has been over the last year, and how volatile it is likely to be in the future.

Contact the Company
Contact the investor relations department at each company and request a copy of the annual report. Some companies publish these reports online, so you might be able to find past annual reports on the company’s website. If not, check the website and find the contact information for the investor relations department.

Review the price history of the stock as shown in the annual report. A wide spread between the annual highs and lows for the stock is an indication of a highly volatile stock. A company whose share price has been more consistent has shown far less volatility.

Practice on Paper
Create a paper portfolio and track your stocks over a period of several months. List each stock on a separate line and list the daily or weekly price in each column. Tracking the stock price over time will give you a good indication of how volatile the stock is.

While nothing can totally eliminate the inherent volatility of investing in the stock market, there are a number of strategies you can use to reduce the risks of the stock market and increase your odds of finding a winning investment.

Affordable Health Care Insurance Policy Basic Guidelines You Need To Know Before Buying One


There are many companies out there offering affordable health care insurance policies to anyone looking for one. To avoid falling into trap of any of these companies unfavorable terms and conditions, you need to take control before buying any of these health insurance products.

Be In Control When Choosing Your Health Insurance

If you are searching for an affordable health care insurance policy, try to be always in control. When looking for a company to provide a comprehensive and reliable health care insurance that provides the best medical coverage, the best thing for you to do is to shop around first, compare the quotes of different companies and make a point to interview the insurance agents thoroughly. This will help to ensure that you acquire the best health insurance policy that fits your requirement.

Why Choose One Slowly

In these very competitive health care industries, many medical care insurance companies compete against one another by offering very irresistible and attractive health care insurance products. As a result, you do not need to grab the first health insurance product that come along your way which you think is good. Below are a few basic guidelines that may be useful for you to follow before selecting any health care insurance policy.

What Are The Basic Guidelines You Should Be Aware Of


Read closely all the fine print of the insurance policy in order to understand every details of the policy offered by the company. In addition, you should also check the credibility of the health care insurance company by enquiring the insurance commission office in your state. From the enquiry, you could know whether there are any complaints made against the insurance company. Secondly

If your goal is to save as much on the premiums, then you could start a HAS (Health Saving Account) with the health care insurer. This account is tax exempted and could be used to pay for your medical expenses. On the other hand, also avoid falling prey to high deductible, low premium health care policies. No doubt these policies can help you save on your monthly premium, but at the time when you seek medical attention, the costs incurred could be higher.

In addition, you should also choose an affordable health care insurance policy inclusive of disability insurance. This specific feature is beneficial especially in the case when you are serious injured and became unable to work productively and properly. Normally, Group health care insurance includes this feature and individual health insurances are starting to offer this too.


Many people are discouraged by the high cost of individual health care insurance policies. They are normally more expensive then group insurance product because they are not subsidized. If you are self-employed, there is more reason for you to get one to ensure your medical expenses can be kept low in times of seeking medical attention. However, by following the above guidelines closely, you are still able to find the affordable health care insurance option that you are looking for.